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It was proposed that alcohol use may be used in conjunction with IPV as part of a sexual control process to obtain sex against a woman’s consent.
These findings, and those reported previously regarding ].
Adolescents, especially girls, are at increased risk for STIs, including HIV, as a result of coercive and violent sex.
Sexual coercion is associated with having multiple sexual partners, unprotected sex, alcohol and/or drug use before sex, substance use, and STIs (From a public health perspective, primary prevention of IPV is desirable, although most of the available research focuses on the health care response to the survivors of IPV, both while a woman is still exposed to abuse (secondary prevention) and when she is experiencing the long-term health problems associated with IPV (tertiary prevention).
Current estimates in the United States suggest that approximately 50% of sexual assault cases involving adolescents and young adults involve alcohol consumption ( reported on alcohol use, IPV, and sexual coercion and HIV among 3,422 Ugandan women in adolescence and early young adulthood.
The findings indicated that alcohol use before sex was associated with a higher rate of physical violence and sexual coercion, as well as a higher prevalence of HIV.
However, the knowledge base on IPV has been generated by investigators in a diverse range of fields, such as psychology, sociology, anthropology, criminal justice, family studies, feminist studies, and the health sciences.
IPV is also commonly known as domestic violence, wife abuse, or when referring to adolescents and young adults, as .There is no clinical trial evidence for the effectiveness of interventions provided in general medical settings with the aim of secondary prevention.However, an advocacy and empowerment program in antenatal clinics reduced psychological and minor physical violence, Outside of health care settings, intensive advocacy (12 hours or more duration) may reduce physical abuse among women leaving shelters or refuges after 12 to 24 months of follow-up, but not for shorter or longer follow-up.IPV is the term that is used most frequently throughout this chapter since it clearly denotes violence between individuals in a romantic or close relationship, but is not limited by age, marital status, cohabitation, or sexuality, and recognizes that women may be perpetrators as well as victims of IPV.This chapter is written from a social epidemiologic perspective which ‘considers how social interactions and collective human activities affect health’ (ref 2,p.3).
Much of the internal tension experienced by adolescents is evidenced in increasingly conflicted relationships with parents as adolescents strive to achieve independence and cement important new relationships.