Exercise 2 relative and absolute dating of geologic events
New genera of dinosaurs have been discovered at a nearly constant rate for more than a century, and there's no indication that the rate of discovery will fall off in the near future. Woodmorappe gets his animals to fit only by taking juvenile pairs of everything weighing more than 22 lbs. However, it is more likely that Noah would have brought adults aboard: The last point does not apply to all animals. Aphids, in fact, are physically incapable of sucking from wilted leaves. The large quantities of food aboard would have invited infestations of any of hundreds of stored product pests (especially since all of those pests would have been aboard), and the humidity one would expect aboard the Ark would have provided an ideal environment for molds. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Philadelphia PA. If not, how do you explain the well-ordered sequence of fossils in the deposits? al., Carboniferous Coastal Environments and Paleocommunities of the Mary Lee Coal Zone, Marion and Walker Counties, Alabama.
However, the animals don't need parental care tend to be animals that mature quickly, and thus would be close to adult size after a year of growth anyway. The Bible says either seven or fourteen (it's ambiguous) of each kind of clean animal was aboard. How did Noah keep pests from consuming most of the food? The ark would need to be well ventilated to disperse the heat, humidity, and waste products (including methane, carbon dioxide, and ammonia) from the many thousands of animals which were crowded aboard. 37-42) interprets Genesis to mean there was an 18-inch opening all around the top, and says that this, with slight breezes, would have been enough to provide adequate ventilation. Institute for Creation Research, Santee, California. Where did the Flood water come from, and where did it go? A global flood would have produce evidence contrary to the evidence we see. For example, why weren't the Sierra Nevadas eroded as much as the Appalachians during the Flood? Roughly 1.5 x 10 grams of calcium carbonate are deposited on the ocean floor each year. Guidebook for the Field Trip VI, Alabama Geological Survey, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
It takes a long time for magma to cool into granite, nor does granite erode very quickly.
It is also worth pointing out that the number of extinct species is undoubtedly greater than the number of known extinct species. How did Noah determine and provide for all those special diets? [Foelix, 1996] Most herbivorous insects require fresh food. Food spoilage is a major concern on long voyages; it was especially thus before the inventions of canning and refrigeration. These additional factors only make the heat problem worse. Much limestone is made of the skeletons of zillions of microscopic sea animals. Were all those animals alive when the Flood started?
Organisms have preferred environments outside of which they are at a deadly disadvantage. If only 15764 animals were aboard the Ark (see section 3), one animal must have been loaded every 38 seconds, without letup. The sediments are so fine that each layer would have required over a month to settle. Stratigraphic sections showing a dozen or more mature forests layered atop each other--all with upright trunks, in-place roots, and well-developed soil--appear in many locations.
They can't survive there, at least not for long without special care. The Green River formation in Wyoming contains 20,000,000 annual layers, or varves, identical to those being laid down today in certain lakes.
Some creationists provided even more detailed models, and these are also addressed (see especially sections 5 and 7). Second, the whole story can be dismissed as a series of supernatural miracles. However, one must wonder about a God who reportedly does one thing and then arranges every bit of evidence to make it look like something else happened. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 103 (1-2): 67-71. If we grant 400 days for this to settle, and ignore possible compaction since the Flood, we still have 15 meters of sediment settling per day. Extraterrestrial impact events: the record in the rocks and the stratigraphic record.
A literal interpretation of the Flood story in Genesis, however, does imply certain physical consequences which can be tested against what we actually observe, and the implications of such an interpretation are investigated below. Creationists argue against the local flood model because it doesn't fit their own literalist preconceptions, but I know of no physical evidence contrary to such a model. The continental tree-ring record - absolute chronology, C-14 calibration and climatic-change at 11 KA. One formation in New Jersey is six kilometers thick.
(The summit of Everest is composed of deep-marine limestone, with fossils of ocean-bottom dwelling crinoids [Gansser, 1964].) If these were formed during the Flood, how did they reach their present height, and when were the valleys between them eroded away?